A Brief Overview and Introduction to Momentum Trading

Aug 08, 2022 By Triston Martin


As an investment strategy, it involves either buying rising-trending assets or short-selling rising-trending assets. Momentum investing is based on the idea that it is likely to continue once a trend has been established. To avoid overcrowding, volatility, and other hidden dangers in markets that trade momentum, sophisticated risk management strategies are needed. To avoid missing out on the action, traders often disregard these rules by giving an introduction to momentum trading.

Momentum Investing Characteristics

An investment strategy known as "momentum investing" is based solely on technical analysis. The performance of a company's operations is not a consideration for momentum investors, unlike value or fundamental investors. Using technical indicators to study security, momentum investors can identify trends and determine the extent of the trend. In other words, they are in charge of determining the rate at which the market's prices accelerate.

As part of their research, momentum investors also look to see if they can predict the behavior of their competitors. Investing in momentum can be made much more effective by considering other investors' behavioral biases and emotions.

Indicators of Change

Trend lines are essential to technical analysis to keep track of price changes. Two points on a price chart can be used to draw trend lines. An upward trend is positive and bullish; an investor can buy shares if the line drawn slants upwards. If the line slows downward, it indicates a bearish trend, and selling short is the most profitable strategy.

Momentum Trading with Technical Analysis Tools

An asset's momentum is typically measured by indicators that look for oversold or overbought conditions, indicating a drop in momentum and the possibility of a trend reversal. These indicators fall somewhere in the middle of the two extremes. That's significant because crossing the gauge's middle area can mean either a decrease or an increase in momentum, an indicator for buying or selling stock.

Moving Averages Convergence And Divergences (MACD)

Using the MACD, traders can see how the value of stock changes when two averages change. It is accomplished by subtracting the 26-period exponential average from the 12-period average. After that, a 9-period MACD line, also called a "signal line," is transposed over the MACD line and calculated. The point at which the MACD crosses the signal line indicates whether to buy or sell.

Change Over Time

During a given period, a variable's rate of change is measured. The ratio of one variable's change to the exact change in the other is used to calculate it. Mathematically, a variable's rate of change and speed of change is represented by the slope or slope on a line, which shows the change in percentage over a given period. An investment with a high ROC is more profitable than the market in the short term, whereas an investment with a low ROC is more likely to lose value over the long term. These may be signals to sellers.

Indicator of Random Fluctuations

Measuring a security's closing price against previous prices is the primary function of the stochastic oscillator. Overbought and oversold trading signals can be generated by focusing on a small range of data points. Values greater than 80 are considered to be overbought. The "oversold" range is defined as a number below the value of 20. A trend in the opposite direction is typically indicated when these values are reached.

RSI (Relative Strength Index)

The RSI measures the recent volatility of the stock's price. The RSI measures the average amount of profit or loss over 14 trading days. The stochastic oscillator, which shows when an asset's price is overbought or oversold, also uses a limited range of values between 0 and 100. Overbought securities have a value of 70 or more, while oversold securities have a value of 30 or less.


The momentum investment is usually short-term because traders only want to profit from a small portion of a price trend. Technical indicators such as moving averages, trend lines, and momentum indicators like the ADX are used to determine if a particular trend is present. It is common for traders to make investments aligned with current trends (buying uptrends and selling downtrends) (buying in an upward trend and selling downtrends). The divergence between price and movement of momentum indicators such as the MACD or RSI may indicate that the current trend is waning. To get out of their position (hopefully with a profit) before the trend reverses, the trader is looking to close their position.

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